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What is hard Water?

We could get technical here, but lets be honest, I am not a chemist. Hard water is that annoying stuff that clogs up your shower heads, makes your skin itchy, and leaves those annoying spots on your glasses when they come out of the dishwasher. What causes it? It is caused by minerals in the water such as calcium and magnesium. These minerals like to stick to things and cause problems. All of the problems caused by hard water can be solved by installing a water softener.

How does a water softener work?

How does a water softener work

Water Softener Resin

Water softeners remove the calcium and magnesium in your water and replace it with sodium (salt). The type of water softener we install is know as an “ion exchange resin softener”. This means the softener is full of resin. It is called “ion exchange” because  an ion of sodium is stuck to each tiny piece of resin. As your hard water passes through the softener the sodium leaves the resin and the calcium and magnesium stick to the resin. The bad minerals are exchanged for the good minerals. Usually after about 1700 gallons of water has passed through the softener it will be full of calcium and magnesium. When this happens the softener will automatically regenerate. When the softener regenerates it washes all of the bad minerals down the drain and exchanges them once again for sodium. After the regeneration you softener will continue to soften the water.

Utah soft water installation

Water Softener

Do water softeners require maintenance?

The only maintenance required is to make sure that your salt tank is full. If you don’t have salt, the softener won’t be able to replace the bad minerals with the good minerals. Other than that, the softener will work 100% on it’s own.

How long does a water softener last?

A good water softener will normally last about 20 years. Most of the water softeners that are sold and Home Depot and Lowes and not manufactured for the water that we have in Utah. if you purchase a softener from one of these stores it probably won’t last nearly as long.

Are all water softeners the same?

No. We install water softeners that are manufactured in Utah and manufactured for the water in Utah. Many of the water softeners sold at home improvement stores are not manufactured for the water in Utah and therefore won’t do as good of a job.

Do water softeners use electricity?

Some water softeners  don’t use electricity, but the amount of electricity that a normal softener uses is very minimal and is just used to power a digital clock and other minor objects. It is not even enough power to make a noticeable difference in your electric bill. If someone tries to tell you that their water softener is better because is doesn’t use electricity than they are just trying to sell you something.

Is soft water safe to drink?

Yes. Softened water still contains all the natural minerals that we need. It is only deprived off its calcium and magnesium contents, and some sodium is added during the softening process. Generally most people don’t like the taste of soft water. Because of this, we generally bypass all drinking water lines or install a carbon filter that removes the taste of soft water.

How often do I need to add salt to my water softener?

The amount of salt that your water softener uses depends on the amount of water that you use. You should check your salt take once a month and fill it when it is getting low. Those with large households will use more salt than those with small households.

Can water be softened with magnets?

Some people sell magnets that attach to your pipes that are supposedly supposed to soften the water. These magnets usually do not work. What they are actually trying to do is keep the minerals from sticking to your pipes and appliances. Sometimes it works but it is not soft water. The only way to really get soft water is to remove the minerals from the water and the only way this can be done is with a actual water softener.

How much does a water softener cost?

The cost of a water softener can vary. Llewellyn Plumbing offers one of the lowest priced, high quality softeners in Utah. Call us today for a free quote, 801-899-9431.